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A sprinkle of Clojure for the command line.


$ bash <(curl -s
$ ls | bb --time -i '(filter #(-> % io/file .isDirectory) *in*)'
("doc" "resources" "sci" "script" "src" "target" "test")
bb took 4ms.


If you're a bash expert, you probably don't need this. But for those of us who can use a bit of Clojure in their shell scripts, it may be useful.

Babashka runs as a GraalVM binary which results in fast startup times:

$ time clojure -e "(+ 1 2 3)"
clojure -e "(+ 1 2 3)"  3.29s user 0.32s system 99% cpu 3.638 total

$ time planck -e '(+ 1 2 3)'
plk -e '(+ 1 2 3)'  1.34s user 0.16s system 127% cpu 1.172 total

$ time bb '(+ 1 2 3)'
bb '(+ 1 2 3)'  0.01s user 0.01s system 37% cpu 0.046 total

It uses sci for interpreting Clojure. A trade-off is that sci implements only a subset of Clojure. Also, execution time may be slower than Clojure on the JVM or (self-hosted) ClojureScript for more CPU-intensive calculations like:

(last (take 1000000 (repeatedly #(+ 1 2 3))))

This would take 5 seconds using babashka, around half a second using self-hosted ClojureScript and around 200ms in Clojure on the JVM.

So the sweet spot for babashka is executing tasks from the command line where fast startup time is preferred, in the same space where you would use bash.

Where it can, babashka calls the regular implementation of Clojure on the JVM and proxies common Java packages like System and File, so writing code in it should be familiar if you're already using Clojure on the JVM.


Experimental. Breaking changes are expected to happen at this phase.



Linux and macOS binaries are provided via brew.


brew install borkdude/brew/babashka


brew upgrade babashka

Installer script

Install via the installer script:

$ bash <(curl -s

By default this will install into /usr/local/bin. To change this, provide the directory name:

$ bash <(curl -s /tmp


You may also download a binary from Github.


Usage: bb [ -i | -I ] [ -o | -O ] [ --stream ] ( expression | -f <file> | --socket-repl [host:]port )


  --help, -h or -?: print this help text.
  --version: print the current version of babashka.

  -i: bind *in* to a lazy seq of lines from stdin.
  -I: bind *in* to a lazy seq of EDN values from stdin.
  -o: write lines to stdout.
  -O: write EDN values to stdout.
  --stream: stream over lines or EDN values from stdin. Combined with -i or -I *in* becomes a single value per iteration.
  --file or -f: read expressions from file instead of argument wrapped in an implicit do.
  --socket-repl: start socket REPL. Specify port (e.g. 1666) or host and port separated by colon (e.g.
  --time: print execution time before exiting.

The clojure.core functions are accessible without a namespace alias.

The following Clojure namespaces are required by default and only available through the aliases. If not all vars are available, they are enumerated explicitly.

  • clojure.string aliased as str
  • clojure.set aliased as set
  • clojure.edn aliased as edn:
    • read-string
  • aliases as shell:
    • sh
  • aliased as io:
    • as-relative-path, copy, delete-file, file

From Java the following is available:

  • System: exit, getProperty, setProperty, getProperties, getenv
  • File: .canRead, .canWrite, .delete, .deleteOnExit, .exists, .getAbsoluteFile, .getCanonicalFile, .getCanonicalPath, .getName, .getParent, .getParentFile, .getPath, .isAbsolute, .isDirectory, .isFile, .isHidden, .lastModified, .length, .list, .listFiles, .mkdir, .mkdirs, .renameTo, .setLastModified, .setReadOnly, .setReadable, .toPath, .toURI.

Special vars:

  • *in*: contains the input read from stdin. EDN by default, multiple lines of text with the -i option, or multiple EDN values with the -I option.
  • *command-line-args*: contain the command line args


$ ls | bb -i '*in*'
["LICENSE" "" "bb" "doc" "pom.xml" "project.clj" "reflection.json" "resources" "script" "src" "target" "test"]

$ ls | bb -i '(count *in*)'

$ bb '(vec (dedupe *in*))' <<< '[1 1 1 1 2]'
[1 2]

$ bb '(filterv :foo *in*)' <<< '[{:foo 1} {:bar 2}]'
[{:foo 1}]

$ bb '(#(+ %1 %2 %3) 1 2 *in*)' <<< 3

$ ls | bb -i '(filterv #(re-find #"reflection" %) *in*)'

$ bb '(run! #(shell/sh "touch" (str "/tmp/test/" %)) (range 100))'
$ ls /tmp/test | bb -i '*in*'
["0" "1" "10" "11" "12" "13" "14" "15" "16" "17" "18" "19" "2" "20" "21" ...]

$ bb -O '(repeat "dude")' | bb --stream '(str *in* "rino")' | bb -I '(take 3 *in*)'
("duderino" "duderino" "duderino")

More examples can be found in the gallery.

Running a file

Scripts may be executed from a file using -f or --file:

bb -f download_html.clj

Files can also be loaded inline using load-file:

bb '(load-file "script.clj")'

Using bb with a shebang also works:

#!/usr/bin/env bb -f

(defn get-url [url]
  (println "Fetching url:" url)
  (let [{:keys [:exit :err :out]} (shell/sh "curl" "-sS" url)]
    (if (zero? exit) out
      (do (println "ERROR:" err)
          (System/exit 1)))))

(defn write-html [file html]
  (println "Writing file:" file)
  (spit file html))

(let [[url file] *command-line-args*]
  (when (or (empty? url) (empty? file))
    (println "Usage: <url> <file>")
    (System/exit 1))
  (write-html file (get-url url)))

(System/exit 0)
$ ./download_html.clj
Usage: <url> <file>

$ ./download_html.clj /tmp/
Fetching url:
Writing file: /tmp/


The environment variable BABASHKA_PRELOADS allows to define code that will be available in all subsequent usages of babashka.

BABASHKA_PRELOADS='(defn foo [x] (+ x 2))'

Note that you can concatenate multiple expressions. Now you can use these functions in babashka:

$ bb '(-> (foo *in*) bar)' <<< 1

You can also preload an entire file using load-file:

export BABASHKA_PRELOADS='(load-file "my_awesome_prelude.clj")'

Note that *in* is not available in preloads.

Socket REPL

Start the socket REPL like this:

$ bb --socket-repl 1666
Babashka socket REPL started at localhost:1666

Now you can connect with your favorite socket REPL client:

$ rlwrap nc 1666
Babashka v0.0.14 REPL.
Use :repl/quit or :repl/exit to quit the REPL.
Clojure rocks, Bash reaches.

bb=> (+ 1 2 3)
bb=> :repl/quit

A socket REPL client for Emacs is inf-clojure.

Enabling SSL

If you want to be able to use SSL to e.g. run (slurp "") you will need to add the location where or libsunec.dylib is located to the java.library.path Java property. This library comes with most JVM installations, so you might already have it on your machine. It is usually located in <JAVA_HOME>/jre/lib or <JAVA_HOME>/jre/<platform>/lib. It is also bundled with GraalVM.


$ export BABASHKA_PRELOADS="(System/setProperty \"java.library.path\" \"$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib\")"
$ bb '(slurp "")' | bb '(subs *in* 0 50)'
"<!doctype html><html itemscope=\"\" itemtype=\"http:/"


Test on the JVM:


Although this tool doesn't offer any benefit when running on the JVM, it is convenient for development.

Test the native version:

BABASHKA_TEST_ENV=native script/test


You will need leiningen and GraalVM.

This repo contains a submodule, so you will have clone that too. If you're doing that for the first time:

$ git submodule update --init --recursive

and for subsequent updates:

$ git submodule update --recursive

To build this project, set $GRAALVM_HOME to the GraalVM distribution directory.

Then run:


Related projects


Here's a gallery of more useful examples. Do you have a useful example? PR welcome!

Shuffle the lines of a file

$ cat /tmp/test.txt
1 Hello
2 Clojure
3 Babashka
4 Goodbye

$ < /tmp/test.txt bb -io '(shuffle *in*)'
3 Babashka
2 Clojure
4 Goodbye
1 Hello

Fetch latest Github release tag

For converting JSON to EDN, see jet.

$ curl -s |
jet --from json --keywordize --to edn |
bb '(-> *in* first :name (subs 1))'

Get latest OS-specific download url from Github

$ curl -s |
jet --from json --keywordize |
bb '(-> *in* first :assets)' |
bb '(some #(re-find #".*linux.*" (:browser_download_url %)) *in*)'

Support this project

Do you enjoy this project? Consider buying me a hot beverage.


Copyright © 2019 Michiel Borkent

Distributed under the EPL License. This project contains modified Clojure code which is licensed under the same EPL License. See LICENSE.

Can you improve this documentation? These fine people already did:
Michiel Borkent & Peter Strömberg
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