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clj-di Build Status

Dependency injection and utility belt for testing for Clojure and ClojureScript.

API reference.


Add the following to your project.clj:

[clj-di "0.5.0"]


Before we start, we need to import library. In Clojure:

(ns clj-di.example
  (:require [clj-di.core :refer [register! get-dep let-deps defprotocol*]]))

In ClojureScript:

(ns clj-di.example
  (:require-macros [clj-di.core :refer [let-deps defprotocol*]])
  (:require [clj-di.core :refer [register! get-dep]]))

Registering dependencies

For registering dependencies you can use register! function, example:

(register! :cache (atom {})
           :logger (get-logger))

You should call it only on application initialization. For example: in ring :init handler, in -main.

Receiving dependencies

For receiving single dependency you can use get-dep function, example:

(get-dep :cache)

If you need more than one dependencies it's better to use let-deps macro:

(let-deps [cache :cache
           log :logger]
  (log :info (:last-id @cache)))

Create complex dependency or add ability to mock whole module

For example, you need http client as a dependency, first way – register http-get, http-post, http-put dependencies:

(register! :http-get http/get
           :http-post http/post
           :http-put http/put)
(let-deps [http-get :http-get
           http-post :http-post]
  (http-get "some-url")
  (http-post "some-url" :some-data))

But it's ugly. Or you can create http protocol and http type and use it as a dependency:

(defprotocol http
  (GET [_ url])
  (POST [_ url data])
  (PUT [_ url data]))

(deftype http-impl
  (GET [_ url] (http/get url))
  (POST [_ url data] (http/post url data))
  (PUT [_ url data] (http/put url data))

(defn make-http [] (http-impl.))

(register! :http (make-http))

(let-deps [http :http]
  (GET http "some-url")
  (POST http "some-url" :some-data))

Less ugly, but you need to pass http to GET and POST. So for simplifying this process you can use defprotocol* macro:

(defprotocol* http
  (GET [_ url])
  (POST [_ url data])
  (PUT [_ url data]))

(deftype http-impl
  (GET [_ url] (http/get url))
  (POST [_ url data] (http/post url data))
  (PUT [_ url data] (http/put url data))

(defn make-http [] (http-impl.))

(register! :http (make-http))

(GET* "some-url")
(POST* "some-url" :some-data)

It creates function (method-name*) for each method in which they automatically receive dependency, which name equals to protocol name. For example, GET* works like:

(defn GET*
  (GET (get-dep :http) url))

Usage in tests

In tests you need to import test utils. In Clojure:

(ns clj-di.example-test
  (:require [clj-di.test :refer [with-fresh-dependencies with-registered]]))

In ClojureScript:

(ns clj-di.example-test
  (:require-macros [clj-di.test :refer [with-fresh-dependencies with-registered with-reset]]))

For clearing dependencies before and after each test you can use with-fresh-dependencies macro:

(use-fixtures :each (fn [f] (with-fresh-dependencies (f))))

For registering dependencies in tests you can use with-registered macro:

(deftest test-write-to-cache
  (with-registered [:cache (atom {})]
    (write-to-cache :test "test")
    (is (= @(get-dep :cache) {:test "test"}))))

For redefining variables you can use clojure with-redefs, but it works incorrectly in ClojureScript inside go block, so in this situation you can use with-reset macro:

(deftest ^:async test-model-get
  (go (with-reset [model/fetch (fn [& _] [:a :b :c])]
        (is (= (model/get :a) :a))


clj-di written using cljx, so for compiling you need to run:

lein cljx auto  # watch for changes and compile
lein cljx  # compile once

For running tests:

lein test
lein cljsbuild test

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