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A Leiningen plugin to automate compilation of Protobuf and gRPC stubs.

This plugin allows to define your project's protobuf dependencies, by stating their source location. These locations can currently point to a git repository, or a local filesystem.

When run, the plugin will resolve these locations and compile the desired .proto files (and their dependencies) using the correct protoc compiler and gRPC plugin, according to the versions specified in your project's configuration. The plugin will automatically download the correct versions if they are not already installed.

Table of Contents


Put [com.appsflyer/lein-protodeps "1.0.5"] into the :plugins vector of your project.clj.

Once installed, run lein protodeps generate to run the plugin.

The plugin requires some configuration in your project.clj in order to run.

An example configuration:

(def proto-version "3.12.4") ;; protobuf version -- should be used when declaring protobuf dependencies
(def grpc-version "1.30.2")  ;; gRPC version -- should be used when declaring gRPC dependencies

(defproject my-cool-project "0.1.0"
  ;; plugin configuration
  :lein-protodeps {:output-path   "src/java/generated" ;; where to place the generated files? Should reside within your `java-source-paths`
                   :proto-version ~proto-version
                   :grpc-version  ~grpc-version
                   :compile-grpc? true ;; whether to activate the gRPC plugin during the stub generation process
                   ;; Repositories configuration. Each entry in this map is an entry mapping a logical repository name
                   ;; to its configuration.
                   :repos         {:af-schemas {:repo-type :git ;; a git repo
                                                :config   {:clone-url   "git@localhost:test/repo.git" ;; url to clone from
                                                           ;; rev - can point to a commit hash, tag name or branch name. The repo will be cloned
                                                           ;; to this version of itself. If unspecified, will point to origin's HEAD (i.e, master).
                                                           :rev         "mybranch"}
                                                ;; a vector of proto-paths relative to the directory root. May use an empty string if the root
                                                ;; level is a proto path in itself.
                                                :proto-paths ["products"]
                                                ;; a vector of dependencies which control what stubs to compile. Each dependency vector
                                                ;; contains a directory under one of the proto paths. All files in this directory and their
                                                ;; dependencies will be compiled.
                                                :dependencies [products/events

                                   :some-other-schemas {:repo-type    :filesystem ;; read files directly from filesystem instead of git.
                                                        :config       {:path "../schemas"} ;; path, either relative or absolute
                                                        :proto-paths  ["products"]
                                                        :dependencies [products/foo

Cross-repository compilation

lein-protodeps also supports cross-repo compilation, for example when a .proto file dependency in one repo imports a file residing in a different repo.

To enable cross-repo compilation, simply add both repos to the :repos config map.

Git HTTP authentication

To use HTTP authentication using username and password, provide them in the clone url: "https://<myuser>:<mypass>"

It is recommended to use environment variables rather than hardcoding their values in plaintext. Environment variables are accessible via the ${:env/<var_name>} interpolation syntax, which allows us to write the former as: "https://${:env/GIT_USERNAME}:${:env/GIT_PASSWORD}".

protoc and gRPC binaries retrieval

The plugin will download the protoc and gRPC plugin binaries according to the versions set in :proto-version and :grpc-version, respectively, and install them under ~/.lein-protodeps/.

By default, the plugin will use for protoc and for gRPC. However, it is possible to override these to other endpoints by setting :protoc-zip-url-template and :grpc-exe-url-template options in the plugin configuration.

The values of these options are URL templates that will be interpolated at runtime with the following variables to produce download URLs:

  • :os-name host OS (i.e, linux, osx)
  • :os-arch host architecture (i.e, x86_64, aarch64)
  • :semver version string as defined in :protoc-version or :grpc-version
  • :major major part of :semver
  • :minor minor part of :semver
  • :patch patch part of :semver

For example, to override the gRPC URL you may set :grpc-exe-url-template to${:semver}/protoc-gen-grpc-java-${:semver}-${:os-name}-${:os-arch}. Note that currently this feature does not support any method of authentication, in case your endpoints require it.

Configuration Reference

Plugin Configuration Options

:output-pathstringrequiredPath to which to compile stubs. This usually needs to be under :java-source-paths
:proto-versionstringrequiredVersion of protoc to use
:grpc-versionstringoptionalVersion of gRPC plugin to use. Required if :compile-grpc? is true
:compile-grpc?booleanoptionalWhether to compile gRPC stubs. Defaults to false
:protoc-zip-url-templatestringoptionalURL template from which to retrieve protoc's zip release (if needed). See also protoc and gRPC binaries retrieval
:grpc-exe-url-templatestringoptionalURL template from which to retrieve gRPC's executable release (if needed). See also protoc and gRPC binaries retrieval

Repo Options

<:repo-name>.:repo-type:git :filesystemrequired
<:repo-name>.:config.:clone-urlstringrequired (for git repos)Either SSH or HTTP endpoints are supported, see also Git HTTP authentication
<:repo-name>.:config.:revstringoptional (for git repos)commit hash/tag name/branch name. Not specifying a rev will default to cloning the main branch (it is generally encouraged to use a fixed version)
<:repo-name>.:config.:pathstringrequired (for filesystem repos)path to directory containing files (absolute or relative to project directory)

Proto options

<:repo-name>.:proto-pathsvector of stringsrequiredRelative proto paths to the directory root (where protoc will search for imports, see protoc --help for more information)
<:repo-name>.:dependenciesvector of symbolsoptionalList of paths which contain files to compile to stubs. Each of these paths needs to be prefixed with one of the proto paths defined under :proto-paths, see example above. If unspecified or empty, nothing in this repo will be compiled, but it may still be used for finding imports required by other repos. See also cross-repository compilation

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