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Lifts ring-defaults middleware into data-driven middleware, providing sensible defaults per route.


Reitit provides advanced middleware capabilities and comes with a small number of "standard" middleware. For many common tasks such as session management, additional middleware is required.

Many people use wrap-defaults from ring-defaults as a sensible default chain. However, some middleware included in site-defaults will conflict with an idiomatic Reitit setup:

  • Static resources with create-resource-handler and create-file-handler
  • Parameter and multi-part handling

The result is a sub-optimal performance and developer's confusion when requests are not handled as expected.

Furthermore, it is not obvious at which place in Reitit's configuration wrap-defaults should go.



com.fbeyer/reitit-ring-defaults {:mvn/version "0.1.0"}


[com.fbeyer/reitit-ring-defaults "0.1.0"]

Basic usage

The ring-defaults-middleware is designed as a replacement for wrap-defaults. In order to have any effect, you will need to add a :defaults key to your route data. A good starting point is one of the curated configurations provided by ring-defaults, such as api-defaults:

(require '[reitit.ring :as ring]
         '[reitit.ring.middleware.defaults :refer [ring-defaults-middleware]]
         '[ring.middleware.defaults :refer [api-defaults]])

;; ...

(def app
       {:middleware [ring-defaults-middleware]
        :defaults   apu-defaults}
       ["/ping" handler]
       ["/pong" handler]]

You can treat the :defaults data like any other route data: You can specify it globally or per-route, and route configurations will be merged with parent configurations.

Any middleware not configured per route will not mount, and have zero runtime impact.

Extended defaults

Reitit provides excellent support for content negotiation and coercion.

Since it is very common to use these, and opting out has no runtime penalty, there is a defaults-middleware that includes additional Reitit middleware as a sensible default.

Warning on Session Middleware

Like wrap-defaults, reitit-defaults-middleware includes Ring's wrap-session, and using its default configuration in Reitit route data will have surprising effects, as Reitit will mount one instance per route.

The recommended solution with reitit-defaults-middleware is to explicitly configure a session store. Since the default in-memory store will not be suitable for non-trivial production deployments, you will want to do that anyway.

(require '[ring.middleware.session.memory :as memory])

;; single instance
(def session-store (memory/memory-store))

;; inside, with shared store
(def app
       {:middleware [ring-defaults-middleware]
        :defaults   (-> site-defaults
                        (assoc-in [:session :store] session-store))}
       ["/ping" handler]
       ["/pong" handler]])))


Copyright 2022 Ferdinand Beyer.
Distributed under the MIT License.

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